Upper Palaeolithic Complexes in Eastern Europe: hunting strategy and lithic technology

Pavlo Vasyliev,

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-9724-1027 ; pavlikmorozovski@gmail.com

Vitalii Usik,

https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2671-3485 ; vitaly_usik@iananu.org.ua

Archaeological Museum, Institute of Archaeology of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine

Pavlo Shydlovskyi,

https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6771-812X ; prehist@knu.ua

Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv




The main Upper Palaeolithic techno-complexes in Eastern Europe are represented by Aurignacian, Gravettian, Epi-Aurignacian and Epigravettian industries. One of the brightest sites that demonstrates the technology of the Aurignacian circle is the Beregovo I settlement. Gravettian sites are distributed mainly in the northern part of Ukraine and date back to 28 – 20 ka BP. Among these sites, the Pushkari Cape bush of settlements on the Desna River, which belong to the special Pushkarian industry within the Gravettian techno-complex, deserves special attention.

During the next – Epigravettian – stage of development of the Upper Palaeolithic culture of Eastern Europe (18 – 12 ka BP), the development of three models of adaptation, depending on the main object of hunting, is observed – specialized bison hunters, reindeer hunters and mammoth hunters. Mammoth hunters’ camps demonstrate the specifics of seasonal mobility and provide an opportunity to recreate the group’s hunting strategies.