On the contact of two worlds: eastern borders of the Magdalenian complex

Marta Połtowicz-Bobak

University of Rzeszów (Poland)



Abstract                                                                                                                                    Video


On the contact of two worlds: eastern borders of the Magdalenian complex

The issue of the recolonisation of Central Europe after the end of the LGM is one of the problems that has been intensely discussed in recent years. The main topics of discussion include the problem of settlement in Central Europe during the LGM, the dynamics of settlement of these areas after the end of the LGM, cultural characteristics and the relationship between the two main complexes: Magdalenian and Epigravettian. The areas of Polish lands, situated on the borderline of two worlds: Magdalenian and Epigravettian and marking the eastern borders of the first one, are an extremely important area of research on this issue, all the more so as the recent years have brought about the development of research and growth of the source base, especially in the eastern part of Poland. The new chronological data, based primarily on absolute dating, show the dynamics of the spread of the Magdalenian settlement from the oldest episode from the Maszycka Cave to its very late traces, in connection with the nature of the settlement and its regional diversity, as well as posing the problem of directions and ways for the spread of the population and/or tradition that embraced the eastern part of Central Europe. An important problem is the identification of settlement centres and an attempt to interpret the importance of individual areas exploited by groups of hunters and gatherers. Also noteworthy is the issue of the eastern borders of Magdalenian and the question of possible contacts between Magdalenian and Epigravettian groups.

Keywords: Magdalenian, Epigravettian, settlement, chronology, eastern Central Europe